Trump wants to turn International space station into a kind of orbital real estate, which will control not the government, and the private sector.
Us President Donald trump plans to turn International space station in "private enterprise on a commercial basis".
Is invited to complete direct public funding of the ISS beyond 2024, after which NASA will have to rely on commercial partners to research and demonstrate technologies, according to the draft budget issued by the White house
While NASA is a key participant in the project, plans to upgrade the ISS, increasing its service life until 2028.
Корреспондент.net understand what will happen to the ISS after the termination of funding from the American budget.
Nedvijimosti in space
The administration trump wants to turn International space station into a kind of orbital real estate, which will control not the state but private sector, writes the Washington Post.
White house plans to stop funding the station by 2025. It would mean the end of direct Federal support for the orbiting lab. But to close it completely trump the administration does not intend to.
So the command of the American President is working on a transition plan, under which ISS can be transferred to the private sector.
"The decision to stop direct Federal support ISS in 2025 does not mean that the station then will be withdrawn from orbit. It is possible that the space industry can continue to exploit some of the elements and use certain features of the ISS, which will become the commercial platform," the document says.
It is noted that NASA in the coming seven years will be to expand international and commercial partnerships to ensure the continued human presence in earth orbit and access to the station.
The draft budget for the 2019 fiscal year, the Bush administration is requesting $ 150 million to ensure the creation of commercial opportunities and businesses that will exploit elements of the ISS and will arise when needed.
Official NASA document few details about how will the privatization of the ISS. The white house, preparing the transition plan, says that give an indication to analyze the market and offer the commercial sector to draw up business plans.
Transfer station to private hands will become NASA another bold step towards the privatization of low-earth orbit, and because of this, the space Agency will be able to redirect their resources on deep space exploration, the newspaper said.
Criticism of the privatization plan of the ISS
However, the WP notes that the plan for the privatization of the station will surely slow down by Congress, "especially with the way the US has spent nearly $ 100 billion in its construction and operation".
"As a conservative in matters of Finance I know that there are things more foolish than to cancel the program after it invested billions of dollars in investment, and it has proved its right to a long and useful existence," - said sentaor Ted Cruz.
But there are people who doubt that are wishing to take the management and operation of the station itself.
"The ISS is built for science and space exploration, not for profit," said Andrew rush , CEO of Made In Space, working in three-dimensional printing of objects for the space station.
Vice President, space systems of the aerospace industry Association Frank Slazer deemed that this plan may not like foreign partners on the ISS.
The Boeing company working on the station since 1995, it operates in the interests of NASA, and it costs the Agency between three and four billion dollars annually.
Last month, when it was reported about the possible closure of the station, the program Manager of the ISS from the company's mark Malkin said that to abandon the International space station would be "a mistake that poses a threat to American leadership and to the detriment of the commercial market, as well as the scientific community."
The international space station exists because NASA
The ISS in low earth orbit is used since 1998. The station was built in the USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and European countries. However, only NASA is a key participant in the project.
The us space Agency spends about four billion dollars on the ISS, while the other countries around milliardo.
In 2014, President Barack Obama extended funding for the ISS from the NASA budget for another ten years - until 2024. Doubts about the functionality of the station, it was in good condition and continues to evolve.
If NASA will completely cease to engage in the ISS, then Russia is going to separate their part and on its basis to create a new space station.
At the ISS is sufficient both supporters and opponents. On the one hand, the station is really very expensive to maintain and does not meet all the requirements of scholars as it is at low earth orbit. On the other hand, ISS has not exhausted its possibilities and can serve science.